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‘Falls Prevention For Elderly People At Home’

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Key Statistics:

  • Over one million older people fall at home each year
  • Falls are the most common cause of injury for over 65s
  • The Good Care Group Falls Management Programme enabled a 97% reduction in falls within nine months among vulnerable clients
  • Rate of falls per year is 12% – 37% below that of care home residents

Main body:

Making the home environment a safe and welcoming space is key to ensuring that older people get to experience the dignity, independence and health benefits of living at home, while also reducing the risk of injury.

Primary health-related factors that cause falls among the elderly

  • Stiff joints, muscular degeneration and brittle bones caused by conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.
  • Dizziness, unsteadiness or loss of consciousness due to low blood pressure, hypotension or heart disease.
  • Misconception of environment due to visual impairment, dementia or reduced reaction times.

What are the environmental factors that contribute to fall likelihood?

  • Mess or clutter that can be caught under foot or has to be avoided.
  • Unsecured furnishings, such as raised rugs and rickety chairs.
  • Outdoor spaces that become difficult in adverse weather conditions, such as snow and rain.
  • Steep or winding staircases.
  • Dim lighting.
  • Bathroom and kitchen surfaces without adequate hand-rails and non-slip surfaces.
  • Storage of regularly used items out of easy reach.

How can you mitigate the risk of falls in the home?

Personal ability:

  • Strength and balance training.
  • Physiotherapy and regular exercise.
  • Testing sight and hearing.
  • Reviewing medications to limit adverse side effects.
  • Maintaining personal hygiene to alleviate discomfort and infection risk.

Home environment:

  • Re-organise home to ensure a minimum of strenuous movement.
  • Removing clothes that trail or don’t fit properly.
  • De-cluttering living space by getting rid of some furniture and putting unsecured items in storage.
  • Using high-wattage bulbs and removing heavy drapes to brighten the space.
  • Providing a wearable emergency alarm.
  • Integrating a stair lift and support railings.

Helping older people to stay safe and independent in their own homes for longer is possible, but it takes time, expertise and dedication to get right. It’s likely that the environment will need to be re-assessed regularly as needs change, and it takes close, daily interaction to know which measures are working and which aren’t.

Our innovative Falls Management Programme enabled a 97% reduction in falls within nine months among vulnerable clients, and rate of falls per year is 12% – 37% below that of care home residents. We achieve this by aggregating feedback from our expert carers, clients and their loved ones. This is then considered in the context of cutting edge medical research, in order to develop new and unique forms of strategy that have been used to guide government policy and enhance the lives of our clients.

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